1. Saggi

        Paradiso X. Teologia e filosofia - pp. 3-20

        Paradise X, that Kenelm Foster, the well-known Dominican Dantist, described as “The celebration of order”, is one of the most philosophical cantos of Dante’s Commedia. The authoritative figures of Thomas the Aquinas and Siger of Brabant determine the relationship between Philosophy and Theology, which are both seen as a premise of more significant relationships between Knowledge and the Eternal.


        L’Oriente, l’America e l’Europa di ‘Pippo Ortolano’: per una rilettura delle memorie di Filippo Mazzei - pp. 21-46

        This essay considers Filippo Mazzei’s autobiography in its literary and cultural context and in its commitment for peace, cooperation and internationalism. This sincere, ingenuous, flamboyant and brisk Italian of the Eighteenth century wrote thousands of pages in which he describes, explains and clarifies to himself and to others his travels, characterized by thrilling experiences in Russia, America and Poland. The essay tries to demonstrate that his Memorie are not only a historical document but also an interesting and complex literary work where the autobiographical structure and the author’s considerations on personal and historical events lead to a matchless sensibility and a noteworthy prose.


        Il racconto sospeso. Poetica dei romanzi di Biamonti - pp. 47-72

        The essay emphasizes the formal structures and the theoretical consequences of the poetics of the so called «narrative suspension», that sets up and supports the anti-representational and lyrical tension in Biamonti’s novels: a textual poetics based on a distinctive phenomenology of estrangement highlighted by the recurring referential motifs of the clandestine immigrant and the passeurs of the French-Italian border. His daydreaming and uneasy characters act in a context of illegality and violation of rules, in a general atmosphere shaping a sort of postmodern limbo. Here they look, in Dantesque terms and in concordance with the formal structures they are set in, like «the ones who are suspended».


        Scrittori europei di fronte alla scienza nel secondo Ottocento - pp. 73-91

        The essay throws light on the influence of scientist ideals on the European literature of the second half of the 19th century, and underlines the “subjectivist” disparagement of non scientific forms of knowledge. While Fogazzaro shapes his “melancholy sigh”, Dostoevskij, Tolstoj and Bourget reaffirm the irreducibility of whatever is human and reject Zola’s “experimental novel”, which they place at the centre of a parable ranging from “scientific bigotry” to Spencer’s agnosticism. Pascoli, D’Annunzio and Matilde Serao, denouncing the inability of science to solve the ultimate questions, also maintain that other approaches to reality are to be kept to preserve the “eternal borders of mistery”.


        Osfresiologia e prodromi psicoanalitici in Profumo di Luigi Capuana - pp. 92-106

        Compared to Giacinta, Luigi Capuana’s novel Profumo marks a significant turning-point in his poetics. The author analyzes the ingenious though odd invention of the olfactory psychosomatic disease which the title of the novel hints at. Is there any relationship between the unhappy Eugenia and the orange-blossom scent she gives off? To what an extent has Patrizio been influenced by his childhood and by his mother? By describing the unconscious and symbolic function of the odours in Profumo, the essay enquires into the relationships between eros, hysteria and sense of smell.

    2. Meridionalia

        Sguardi incrociati: il Sud visto dal Nord, il Nord visto dal Sud - pp. 107-121

        Boccaccio, Fucini, Bocca: all those who wrote about Naples described it as a locus terribilis, inhabited by wild and violent beings. To every intellectual from the South, instead, all northern towns an Milan in particular appear as guardians of order and well being. Here they found a kind of order which is missing in their native homeland. However, such an attitude may be reversed, as happens with Rea and Ortese, for whom Milan is a symbol of contemporary alienation. Only literature can give an answer. Brancati’s Don Giovanni in Sicilia can be cited as a significant example of a new space where northern rationality and southern confusion may coexist.


        Il piccolo surrealismo di Antonio Delfini: Il fanalino della Battimonda - pp. 122-136

        In the Thirties Anthonio Delfini contributed to the most important literary magazines of the time, like “Campo di Marte “ and “Corrente di vita giovanile”, coming into contact with the French surrealism. These years, when his “provincial surrealism” originated, are also the most creative period of his life: he wrote, for instance, Il fanalino della Battimonda, where he clearly makes reference to Lautrèamont and Breton, to Eluard’s poems and to Aragon’s poetics.


        L’immagine del “cretino” nella poesia di Maurizio Cucchi - pp. 137-151

        One of the recurrent features in Maurizio Cucchi’s poems is the Edenlike figure of the “idiot”, which also appears in the most beautiful pages of the authors of the so called “Lombard poetry”: Carlo Porta, Giovanni Giudici, Giovanni Raboni and Vittorio Sereni. In Cucchi’s poems the “idiot” takes the form of “Icio” (the poet child) but also of forgotten Italian sportsmen like Ottavio Bottecchia (a racing cyclist of the Twenties) or Fresia (a football player of the early decades of the nineteenth century), and of historical and literary characters like Carlo Michelstaedter, Rutebeuf, Joan of Arc and Samuel Beckett’s Malone. They are linked together by the same feature: they are the bearers of an innocent truth in a hypocritical world, and can be thus seen as spokesmen of values shattered by the trivial vulgarity of reality.


        La violenza della Storia nell’uso delle parole - pp. 152-173

        La violenza della Storia nell’uso delle parole analyzes and compares two novels inspired by memoir literature: Les Bienveillantes by Jonathan Littell and Lo zio Coso by Alessandro Schwed. In spite of noteworthy differences in style and structure, both the authors express the conflict between Jewish and German culture by making a well thought-out use of language. Their novels mirror the violence of history by referring to the ways words are manipulated and changed in their meaning. A new communicative deal is the only way to give both testimony and words the power they once had.

    3. Recensioni

        Gabbiani, a cura di Francisco Rico, Milano 2008 (Raffaele Ruggiero) - pp. 174-176

      • La tradizione del 'cunto' da Giovan Battista Basile a Domenico Rea, a cura di Caterina De Caprio, Napoli 2007 (Marialuisa De Pietro) - pp. 176-179


        «Classica e odierna». Studi sulla lingua di Carducci, Firenze 2007 (Luca D'Onghia) - pp. 179-186


        Versi dispersi, a cura di Paola Baioni, Roma 2008 (Barbara Stagnitti) - pp. 186-187


        Dino Campana. La storia segreta e la tragica poesia, Ravenna 2007 (Riccardo Scrivano) - pp. 187-190


        Altre carceri d'invenzione. Studi gaddiani, Ravenna 2007 (Francesco Rivelli) - pp. 190-192


        Un "pellegrinaggio" di Montale a Certaldo in compagnia di Vittore Branca e altri studi e postille di letteratura italiana, Genova 2008 (Ilaria Di Leva) - pp. 193-195


        Avanguardia e tradizione. Saggi su Mario Verdone, Firenze 2007 (Aldo Putignano) - pp. 195-197


        Le icone della lontananza. Carte di esilio e viaggi di carta, Roma 2008 (Ciro Riccio) - pp. 197-201


        Sociologia della letteratura, Brescia 2008 (Valeria Giannantonio) - pp. 201-203

      • Ebraismo letteratura, a cura di Stefano Manferlotti e Maria Squillante, Napoli 2008 (Ciro Riccio) - pp. 203-206

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